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Personal Sound Zones: A Comparison between Frequency and Time Domain Formulations in a Transportation Context

This paper compares the formulation of a least-squares pressure matching algorithm in the frequency and time domains for the generation of Personal Sound Zones (PSZ) for a transportation application. Due to variations in the transportation’s acoustic environment, the calculation time is added to the usually found metrics in the PSZ bibliography (like Acoustic Contrast, Effort, etc.). Both formulations are implemented to control two zones in three configurations (4, 6, and 8 sources), using monopole simulations and anechoic measurements. In spite of not always presenting perfectly causal filters—pre-ringing in some filters occurs in some cases—the frequency domain formulation allows achieving equal levels of Acoustic Contrast, Effort, and Reproduction error more than 500 times faster than the time domain formulation.


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