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Interpretation of audio forensic information from the shooting of journalist Shireen Abu Akleh

User generated recordings (UGRs) are increasingly presented as evidence in forensic investigations due to the widespread use of handheld cameras, smartphones, and other portable field recording devices. A case study comes from the shooting death of well-known Al Jazeera television correspondent Shireen Abu Akleh on May 11, 2022. Ms. Abu Akleh was killed by a gunshot while reporting from the West Bank city of Jenin during a clash between Israeli Defense Forces and armed Palestinian militants. The fatal gunshot was not captured on video, but the microphones of at least two cameras at the scene recorded the sound of multiple gunshots. In this paper, we describe the acoustic evidence from the incident, including the estimates of the various geometric and physical parameters and the likely range of uncertainty of those measurements, and present a forensic estimate of the distance between the firearm and the recording microphones.


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