AES E-Library

← Back to search

Enhanced Fuzzy Decomposition of Sound Into Sines, Transients, and Noise

The decomposition of sounds into sines, transients, and noise is a long-standing research problem in audio processing. The current solutions for this three-way separation detect either horizontal and vertical structures or anisotropy and orientations in the spectrogram to identify the properties of each spectral bin and classify it as sinusoidal, transient, or noise. This paper proposes an enhanced three-way decomposition method based on fuzzy logic, enabling soft masking while preserving the perfect reconstruction property. The proposed method allows each spectral bin to simultaneously belong to two classes, sine and noise or transient and noise. Results of a subjective listening test against three other techniques are reported, showing that the proposed decomposition yields a better or comparable quality. The main improvement appears in transient separation, which enjoys little or no loss of energy or leakage from the other components and performs well for test signals presenting strong transients. The audio quality of the separation is shown to depend on the complexity of the input signal for all tested methods. The proposed method helps improve the quality of various audio processing applications. A successful implementation over a state-of-the-art time-scale modification method is reported as an example.


Author (s):
Affiliation: (See document for exact affiliation information.)
Publication Date:


Download Now

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member Join the AES. If you need to check your member status, login to the Member Portal.

E-Libary location:
Choose your country of residence from this list:

Skip to content