AES E-Library

← Back to search

Principles of Headphone Design—A Tutorial Review

Headphone design using lumped-parameter analysis and analogous circuits is described. Specifically a model of a dynamic driver in a circumaural enclosure is developed, but the approach may be applied to other drivers and enclosure types. Models are presented which illustrate key design constraints such as leak behavior, open / closed back approaches, cup attenuation, cushion compliance and headband tension. Limitations of the lumped parameter approach are discussed, following which an introduction to analyticalmodal and numerical modeling is presented.


Author (s):
Affiliation: (See document for exact affiliation information.)
Publication Date:
Session subject:


Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member Join the AES. If you need to check your member status, login to the Member Portal.

E-Libary location:
Choose your country of residence from this list:

Skip to content